In Turkey’s increasingly repressive media environment, where journalists may be arrested for criticizing President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan or officially forbidden from covering certain stories such as this week’s suicide attack in Istanbul, satirical magazines are nevertheless forging ahead. And while most of them–Leman, Penguen, and Uykusuz, for example–oppose the government from the left, there are also a few right-wing publications contributing to healthy debate through cartoons and subversive columns. An article by Kaya Genç in the most recent Index on Censorship profiled the newest one, Püff.
While outsiders might expect the right-leaning Püff to have no quarrel with Erdoğan’s right-leaning government, that is far from the case. The magazine is distributed inside the newspaper Zaman, a mouthpiece for the religious movement Hizmet. Genç explains:
Once an ally of Turkey’s current government, the movement has become its fiercest critic. Nowadays its members are accused of “plotting to topple the elected government”, for which they are being subjected to terrorism charges in Turkey.
Püff editor Abdullah Yavuz Altun also resolutely supports the envelope-pushing of magazines like Charlie Hebdo, understanding that they also carve out space for his own magazine’s opposition voice. At the publication’s launch party shortly after the Charlie Hebdo attack last year, he acknowledged that the “cartoons about our prophet attracted a lot of negative reactions [but] there were similarly humiliating cartoons in the same magazine depicting Jesus and Moses … Without making excuses, we should stand by Charlie Hebdo and raise our voice against restriction of freedom of expression and the brutal massacre.”
Püff’s young staff has still managed to anger some fundamentalists, for instance by putting a female figure–Little Red Riding Hood, as it happened–on the cover of one issue. And while Altun says they avoid “mocking people’s beliefs, obscenity and swear words,” politicians are always fair game. Describing the editorial decisions that play into each issue, he says:
We always discuss between ourselves: ‘Is this joke a bit too much? Are we really mocking a situation here or are we just trying to hurt the politicians?’ Some of our readers ask us whether it is not disgraceful to picture statesmen the way we do in our cartoons. Maybe it is a bit disgraceful, yes. But it is a necessary disgrace.
Genç’s four-page article about Püff can be found in Index on Censorship’s latest issue on the theme of taboos around the world. The content is behind a paywall, but may well be available through your friendly local library’s online databases!
Contributing Editor Maren Williams is a reference librarian who enjoys free speech and rescue dogs.