Banned Books Week is just around the corner! CBLDF is a proud sponsor of Banned Books Week, and this year Banned Books Week is celebrating young adult books! So, as you’re preparing to celebrate the freedom to read September 27 – October 3, consider including these amazing comics in your celebration!
Here are a dozen graphic novels enjoyed by young adult readers that have been challenged or banned!
• Location of key challenge: Undisclosed
• Reason challenged: Violence
Early in 2015, CBLDF was confidentially involved in the defense of the graphic novel edition of Neil Gaiman’s acclaimed novel The Graveyard Book, which was illustrated by P. Craig Russell. A complaint was filed over violent imagery in the graphic novel, but CBLDF advised that the book was appropriate for the middle school library where it was challenged. The review committee that examined the book affirmed CBLDF’s stance and kept the book in the library. More…
• Location of key challenge: Various
• Reason challenged: Drugs / alcohol / smoking, political viewpoint, racism, violence
Although considered a modern comics classic that’s delighted millions of readers all over the world, Bone is also one of the most commonly challenged books in American libraries. In April 2010, a Minnesota parent petitioned for the series’ removal from her son’s school library over images she believed to be promoting drinking and smoking. The challenge was ultimately rejected by a 10 to 1 vote. In 2011, the entire series was removed from classrooms and libraries in a New Mexico district with no oversight or review process. In early 2014, the ALA’s Office for Intellectual Freedom posted their annual list of the ten most-challenged books. The list had many of the usual suspects and one not-so-usual suspect: Bone secured the rank of tenth most challenged book of the year for “political viewpoint, racism, violence.” Two of the challenges that put Bone on ALA’s list took place in Texas, but both school districts reviewed the books and opted to keep the series. More…
• Location of key challenge: Mount Pleasant, Texas
• Reason challenged: LGBTQ themes
The ban that landed Raina Telgemeier’s middle-grade graphic novel Drama on ALA’s frequently challenged books list for 2014 was at Chapel Hill Elementary in Mount Pleasant, Texas. The ban was reported in the Texas ACLU’s “Annual Banned Books Report,” but there has been no news coverage, so details are thin. What is known is that the book was challenged as “sexually explicit,” most likely for a kiss between two male characters.
Drama was removed from the elementary school’s library, but three copies remain in Chapel Hill Independent School District’s combined middle / high school library. The school board policies do not list a formal challenge policy, but there does appear to be some sort of review process because district documentation contains a challenge form, as well as an assessment form for use by a review committee. Further, it is unknown whether the district actually followed its review process, but it seems unlikely that a review committee would objectively agree that the book is “pervasively vulgar,” one of the stated criteria for removal of library materials in district policy. More…
• Location of key challenge: Undisclosed
• Reason challenged: Unsuited to age group
The announcement of the 2014 Caldecott Medal winner and honorees had many people rushing to pick up the books for their library and classroom collections. Graphic novel This One Summer by Jillian Tamaki and Mariko Tamaki broke boundaries by becoming the first graphic novel to earn the Caldecott honor. Unfortunately, the award yielded an unforeseen negative outcome: Since the announcement of the Caldecott honor, CBLDF has been confidentially involved in defending multiple challenges to This One Summer in various communities.
The Caldecott award is given to books intended for children up to age 14. This One Summer is intended for ages 12 and up, which makes it eligible for the Caldecott, but books for that age group rarely receive the award. Problems arise when people order a book based on its award pedigree rather than familiarity with the content of the book. A few people, believing the book is aimed at younger readers because it is a Caldecott Honor Book, have been shocked to find that the award winning graphic novel is meant for audiences age 12 and up. Rather than acknowledging their responsibility for knowing the material, some of these individuals instead attacked the book. More…
• Location of key challenge: All public school libraries in Wicomico County, Maryland
• Reason challenged: Violence and nudity
Dragon Ball follows the adventures of Goku and his friends from childhood through adolescence as he trains in martial arts and begins his exploits. Goku embarks on a quest for the seven mystical orbs called Dragon Balls, which summon a wish-granting dragon when gathered. Inspired by traditional Chinese storytelling and myths, Dragon Ball is a modern take on timeless classics and embodies themes of friendship, rivalry, victory and loss. The graphic novels are the basis of the popular media franchise and subsequent spin-offs.
The books were placed under formal review after the parent of a 9-year-old who checked the book Dragon Ball: The Monkey King out of the Pittsville Elementary and Middle School library filed a formal complaint over nudity and violence in the book. The review committee recommended that the books in the Dragon Ball series, which are listed by the publisher for ages 13+, be removed from the entire public school library system, including at the high school level. School officials acknowledged the value of graphic novels in their libraries, and indicated that they would embark on “instituting more focused and ongoing professional development training on the selection of media materials and additional procedures to handle student requests for media books and resources.” More…
• Location of key challenge: Enfield, Connecticut
• Reason challenged: Profanity, sexual content
Matthew Loux’s SideScrollers recounts the adventures of three teenaged slacker geeks who are roused to action when a female friend becomes romantically involved with a loutish quarterback. Along the way, the trio engages in mildly vulgar but realistic banter and vandalizes a car with anatomically correct graffiti. The video game-themed graphic novel was removed from a Connecticut school district’s ninth grade summer reading list after a woman in the community complained about profanity and sexual references. The woman, who did not have children in the school system, claimed that her effort to remove the book was “not a question of censorship,” even though the book was not required reading and students could simply chose a different book. It is unclear whether the Board of Education followed its own challenge policy, which states that “no parent nor group of parents has the right to negate the use of educational resources for students other than his/her own child.” Further, the board also changed its policy so that a committee must approve reading lists drawn up by schools. More…
• Location of key challenge: Various
• Reason challenged: Profanity, violent content, religious viewpoint
Furor erupted in March 2013 when Chicago Public Schools administrators sent an email to local principals, directing them to remove all copies of Marjane Satrapi’s award-winning autobiographical graphic novel Persepolis over “graphic illustrations and language.” Students immediately mobilized to protest the removal, and CPS backpedaled, clarifying that Persepolis was to be retained in district libraries. It was approved for use in grade 11 classrooms, removed from grade 7 classrooms, and reviewed for use in grade 8–10 classrooms. In early 2015, graduate student Jarrett Dapier obtained and released official CPS emails that revealed that administrators in the system ignored school policy in attempting to remove the book.
In 2014, the book was challenged in Oregon’s Three Rivers School District for violent imagery. It was also challenged in Illinois’ Ball-Chatham school district and the Smithville, Texas, school district over the depiction of Muslim faith. All three challenges failed, but they helped earn Persepolis the number two spot on ALA’s frequently challenged list. In 2015, it was subject to a rare higher education challenge at Crafton Hills College in California. More…
• Location of key challenge: Various
• Reason challenged: Nudity, sexual content, unsuited to age group
When the American Library Association’s Office for Intellectual Freedom released their list of the Top Ten Most Frequently Challenged Books of 2011, the second-most challenged book on that list was The Color of Earth, a critically-acclaimed Korean manwha, or comic book, series. In spite of numerous positive reviews from Booklist, Publishers Weekly, The School Library Journal, and other outlets that praise the book as “richly literate and imaginative” (Booklist) and “a work of great humanity” (Publishers Weekly), the coming-of-age tale is challenged due to nudity, sexual content, and suitability for age group. More…
• Location of key challenge: Pasadena, California
• Reason challenged: Anti-ethnic, unsuited for age group
Art Spiegelman’s acclaimed graphic novel Maus focuses on a son’s quest to learn about his father, a Polish Jew who survived the Holocaust. Spiegelman famously depicts each ethnic group as a different animal: Jews are drawn as mice, Germans as cats, Poles as pigs — a narrative technique that purposely cannot sustain itself when there is a question about a character’s specific race. Despite its accolades and critical praise, Maus has been challenged for being “anti-ethnic” and “unsuitable for younger readers.”
In one instance, the book was challenged at the public library in Pasadena, California, by a man of Polish decent who was offended by the portrayal of his nationality. The challenge failed, and librarian Nick Smith said, “The thing is, Maus made him uncomfortable, so he didn’t want other people to read it. That is censorship, as opposed to parental guidance.”
In a strange turn of events, the book was recently pulled from bookstores in Russia because a swastika appears on the cover — a poorly worded law forbids the display of anything that could be considered Nazi propaganda in the country. More…
• Location of key challenge: Various
• Reason challenged: Sexual content
Pride of Baghdad follows a pride of lions that escapes from a Baghdad zoo after an American bombing as they struggle to survive on the bombed-out streets of the city. The tale is based loosely on true events. Despite making both ALA’s Great Graphic Novels for Teens Top Ten in 2007 and Booklist Editors’ Choice: Adult Books for Young Adults as well as featuring non-human main characters, Pride of Baghdad is frequently challenged for alleged sexually explicit content.
Despite challenges, the book remains available in libraries around the country. It is often praised for the ways in which it comments on the effects of war on civilians and its commentary on freedom. Vaughan himself told Neal Conan with NPR that he focused on the lions as a way to help his audience connect with the characters: “I sort of wanted, you know, to tell a story from the perspective of non combatants. And I think it’s really hard for Americans — for any of us to sympathize with that other — you know, whether it’s another race or creed or nationality. But because animals transcend that, you know, I was hoping they would sort of bridge the emotional gap. And, you know, we can sort of sadly feel for animals in ways that we can’t feel for that other.” More…
• Location of key challenge: The public library in Marshall, Missouri
• Reason challenged: Obscene images
Louise Mills, a resident of Marshall, Missouri, filed a request with the Marshall Public Library Board of Trustees to have Blankets removed from the shelves because of the allegedly obscene illustrations. She likened the illustrations to pornography and was concerned that the comic art would attract children who would subsequently see the images she alleged were pornographic. Mills also feared that the library would be frequented by the same people who go to porn shops.
At the time of the challenge, the Marshall Public Library did not have an established materials selection policy, which would have laid out guidelines as to what types of items the library should buy. The library board decided to draft such a policy, but also opted to remove the two books from circulation during the development process. After several months, the board ultimately approved a policy, which stated in part that the library would buy materials based on contemporary or social significance, critical acclaim, patron requests or popular demand, and “timeliness and/or significance of subject matter.” More…
• Location of key challenge: Rio Rancho, New Mexico
• Reason challenged: Sexual content, child pornography
In early 2015, the critically acclaimed comic collection Palomar by Gilbert Hernandez was called “child porn” by the mother of a high school student in Rio Rancho, New Mexico. When Catrenna Lopez found objectionable material in Palomar after her 14-year-old son checked it out of the Rio Rancho High School library, she didn’t simply file a challenge with the school — she took her objections to the local media, who didn’t come close to a fair an accurate report.
CBLDF took immediate action to help defend the book, taking the lead with frequent partners Kids’ Right to Read Project in sending a letter to Superintendent V. Sue Cleveland to protest the allegations against Palomar. By a 5-3 vote, the Rio Rancho review committee voted to retain the book. Although Palomar is slated to return to shelves for the 2015-2016 school year, the district has imposed a requirement for students under 18 to have parental permission to access it. More…
If you are planning a Banned Books Week event or display, let us know about it! We’ll post a calendar of events before Banned Books Week and plug it on social media. Send the info about your event to firstname.lastname@example.org!
As you’re planning your events or developing your library and classroom curricula, be sure to check out these other valuable CBLDF resources:
- CBLDF Banned Books Week Handbook
- CBLDF Posters and Shelf Talkers
- CBLDF Comics Connector
- CBLDF Banned Books Week Gear Bundle
- Raising A Reader: How Comics & Graphic Novels Can Help Your Kids Love to Read!
- Using Graphic Novels in Education
- Adding Graphic Novels to Your Library or Classroom Collection
- CBLDF Discussion Guides
- CBLDF Banned Comics Case Studies
- Comic Book Club Handbook
- CBLDF Presents: Manga
- Working With Libraries: A Handbook For Comics Creators
Banned Books Week is sponsored by the American Booksellers Association, American Booksellers for Free Expression, American Library Association, American Society of Journalists and Authors, Association of American Publishers, Comic Book Legal Defense Fund, Freedom to Read Foundation, National Association of College Stores, National Coalition Against Censorship, National Council of Teachers of English, PEN American Center, People for the American Way Foundation, and Project Censored.